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The adjustable REM sleep in Fur Seals

Key features of sleep such as behavioral quiescence, reduced responsiveness to external stimuli and characteristic posture are recorded in all living organisms, from simple forms like jellyfish to humans. This implies that sleep serves an important, yet unknown, vital evolutionary function. However, sleep is unambiguously... click to read more

  • Oleg Lyamin | Researcher at Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Jerome Siegel | Professor at Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Views 4502
Reading time 4.5 min
published on Oct 24, 2018
Could our gut’s microbes be the guardians of our brain’s health?

In the same way as our genome contains the collection of all of our genes, we call microbiome the collection of microorganisms that have settled in our organism. Over the past decades, the gut microbiome, in particular, has been shown to affect our physical health:... click to read more

  • Margot Riggi | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Biochemistry Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
Views 4150
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 10, 2018
Exploring the development of the neocortex

For all our life we've always wondered: what makes us human? A possible answer to that today would be: the neocortex. This evolutionary youngest part of our brain is a nest for such precious mental features as: emotions, reasoning, attention, communication etc. It's true that... click to read more

  • Anatoly Kozlov | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Genetics & Evolution, Section of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Views 5194
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 4, 2018
The Lego bricks of the brain

A supercomputer is made up of millions of repeating modules. Our recent study found that the brain is made up of repeating microcircuits. This intriguing similarity may explain how brains are built to efficiently handle diverse tasks, with "microcolumns" that act like the Lego bricks... click to read more

  • Toshihiko Hosoya | Laboratory Head at RIKEN Brain Science Institute and RIKEN Center for Brain Science, Japan
Views 9952
Reading time 2.5 min
published on Aug 3, 2018
Our internal fight against loneliness

"A guy needs somebody -- to be near him... A guy goes nuts if he ain't got nobody."
Of Mice & Men, John Steinbeck. As social creatures, all aspects of our daily lives are powerfully shaped by our social experiences. The social bonds that we... click to read more

  • Gillian Matthews | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Simons Center for the Social Brain, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston, USA
Views 6929
Reading time 4 min
published on Mar 9, 2017