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genomics

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Extending the genomic record of human diversity

The genetic material of any two humans is 99.9% identical, but the small differences that do exist between our genomes provide a record of the complex evolutionary history we have undergone as a species. Over the past decade, scientists have sequenced a large number of... click to read more

  • Anders Bergström | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Wellcome Sanger Institute, Cambridge, UK; The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
Views 425
Reading time 4 min
published on Mar 25, 2021
How a mint turned into catmint

The plant catmint, also known as catnip, is named after its notorious effect on cats. When cats sniff or rub against catmint, it drives them to act strangely: rolling over, pawing and rubbing. Its scientific name is also feline-inspired: Nepeta cataria. The cause of the cats'... click to read more

  • Benjamin R. Lichman | Lecturer at Centre for Novel Agricultural Products, Department of Biology, University of York, York, UK
Views 1435
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Feb 17, 2021
Reinventing a bacterial biopesticide: an old microbe with a fresh new look

In the 1980s it was discovered that some relatives of the bacterium Burkholderia cepacia (formerly Pseudomonas cepacia) were able to form close relationships with plant roots, and also make a range of antimicrobials capable of killing plant pathogens. Several US pesticide companies exploited this bacterium... click to read more

  • Alex J. Mullins | PhD student at Microbiomes, Microbes and Informatics Group, Organisms and Environment Division, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Views 1843
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Sep 24, 2019
Ancient Egyptian mummies give up the last of their secrets

Our group together with an international team of scientists successfully recovered and analyzed ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies dating from approximately 1400 BC to 400 AD, establishing ancient Egyptian mummies as a reliable source for genetic material to study the ancient past. The study, published... click to read more

  • Johannes Krause | Professor at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Kahlaische Straße 10 07745, Jena, Germany
Views 5017
Reading time 3.5 min
published on May 15, 2018
Lego blocks for precise gene editing

DNA is the core-element of life as we know it. It can be imagined as a long helical double strand composed of sequences of information written with four chemical "letters" called nucleotides. Determinate sequences of letters delineate stretches of DNA called genes, which in turn... click to read more

  • Jared Carlson-Stevermer | PhD student at Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI, USA
Views 4181
Reading time 4 min
published on Feb 6, 2018