number of breaks: 4
‘Online’ integration of sensory and fear memories
Imagine the following sequence of events. First, you walk through the tropical rainforests of Australia and hear an (unfamiliar) booming sound then see an (unknown) bird-like animal. Some days later, you see a photograph of the bird (the cassowary) with the caption "extremely dangerous". Finally,... click to read more
The lifetime of memories
"Without memory, there is no culture. Without memory, there would be no civilization, no society, no future." Elie Wiesel
Memory is essential for animal survival and gives human beings the extraordinary ability to develop consciousness and ultimately the self. The brain mechanisms that allow us... click to read more
Attempts to Forget the Past Make It Harder to Remember the Present
An old photograph, the smell of warm apple pie, or even a long-forgotten name overheard at a party all have the potential to unleash a flood of related memories. In many ways, our conscious experience is dictated by the reminders we encounter in daily life.... click to read more
Where is the Engram?
The author Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987.
The human brain is composed of over 100 billion electrically-active brain cells (called neurons), and what makes the neuron a special cell type is that it sends out extensions (known as axons) that... click to read more