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Neurobiology

showing 6-10 of 32 breaks

Help or harm? How immune cells of the brain balance the immune response

Macrophages are found in essentially all tissues. Kupffer cells are in the liver, alveolar macrophages are in the lungs, monocytes are in bone marrow and blood, and microglia are in the brain and spinal cord - and the list goes on. The brain and spinal cord,... click to read more

  • Nathan J. Michaels | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Jason R. Plemel | Assistant Professor at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Views 1582
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 7, 2020
Stop all the clocks: the hidden long-term consequences of sleep loss

The function of sleep is still elusive despite the well-known effects of sleep loss or poor-quality sleep on cognitive function and long-term health. When and how long animals (including humans) sleep is determined by, on the one hand, their internal circadian clock, which aligns physiology... click to read more

  • Charlotte N. Hor | Postdoctoral Researc Fellow at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Paul Franken | Professor at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Views 1404
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 22, 2020
Wake up microglia! How brain state regulates immune cells

Historically, neuroscience focused on neurons, the functional cellular units of communication in the brain. However, exciting recent advances in microscopy have revealed the importance of many other cell types in essential brain functions. Amongst these supporting players in the brain are microglia, the immune cells... click to read more

  • Rianne Stowell | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, USA
Views 1560
Reading time 3 min
published on Sep 9, 2020
The biological reality of psychosomatic disease

The idea that our brains influence our physical and mental health is both commonplace and somewhat taboo. We've heard that exercise can cheer us up, and stress can make us queasy, but the placebo effect "fools" us into getting well. Such mind-body connections, essential for... click to read more

  • Richard P. Dum | Professor at Systems Neuroscience Center, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition and Departments of Neurobiology University of Pittsburgh Brain Institute, Pittsburgh, USA
  • David J. Levinthal | Professor at University of Pittsburgh Brain Institute and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, USA
  • Peter L. Strick | Professor at Systems Neuroscience Center, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition and Departments of Neurobiology University of Pittsburgh Brain Institute, Pittsburgh, USA
Views 1493
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Aug 12, 2020
Genes that influence handedness alter brain architecture

For at least 10,000 years, approximately 90% of humans have preferred using the right hand over the left. The question of why about one in ten people are left-handed has fascinated scientists for centuries, but no clear answer has yet emerged. We already knew that genetic... click to read more

  • Akira Wiberg | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • Gwenaëlle Douaud | Associate Professor at University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • Dominic Furniss | Associate Professor at University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Views 1412
Reading time 3 min
published on Aug 10, 2020