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Neurobiology

showing 11-15 of 39 breaks

The role of maternal malnutrition on Zika virus congenital effects

During pregnancy, a variety of complex processes are orchestrated to develop healthy tissues and organs of the developing fetus. Although there are buffering mechanisms that prevent development from being disturbed, some factors could lead to malformations. These factors are known as teratogens. Some pathogens causing... click to read more

  • Jimena Barbeito-Andrés | Assistant Researcher at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina
  • Patricia Pestana Garcez | Principal Investigator at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Views 1747
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 27, 2020
Where mind meets body: a master brain circuit for stress responses

When feeling stressed or nervous, you notice the pounding heart, pale face, and dry mouth – fundamental autonomic responses to psychological stress.  Stress responses are conserved in many mammalian species and thought to be beneficial for wild animals, such as when they encounter their enemies. ... click to read more

  • Naoya Kataoka | Assistant Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
  • Kazuhiro Nakamura | Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
Views 2128
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2020
Help or harm? How immune cells of the brain balance the immune response

Macrophages are found in essentially all tissues. Kupffer cells are in the liver, alveolar macrophages are in the lungs, monocytes are in bone marrow and blood, and microglia are in the brain and spinal cord - and the list goes on. The brain and spinal cord,... click to read more

  • Nathan J. Michaels | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Jason R. Plemel | Assistant Professor at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Views 2235
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 7, 2020
Stop all the clocks: the hidden long-term consequences of sleep loss

The function of sleep is still elusive despite the well-known effects of sleep loss or poor-quality sleep on cognitive function and long-term health. When and how long animals (including humans) sleep is determined by, on the one hand, their internal circadian clock, which aligns physiology... click to read more

  • Charlotte N. Hor | Postdoctoral Researc Fellow at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Paul Franken | Professor at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Views 1978
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 22, 2020
Wake up microglia! How brain state regulates immune cells

Historically, neuroscience focused on neurons, the functional cellular units of communication in the brain. However, exciting recent advances in microscopy have revealed the importance of many other cell types in essential brain functions. Amongst these supporting players in the brain are microglia, the immune cells... click to read more

  • Rianne Stowell | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, USA
Views 2383
Reading time 3 min
published on Sep 9, 2020