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Neurobiology

showing 1-5 of 45 breaks

Mitochondria as microlenses in the eye – the evolution of an improved camera sensor

The back of the eye is lined with a layer of specialized light-sensitive neurons in the retina, arranged in a mosaic, called photoreceptors. Each photoreceptor has a tapered elongated shape—like a bottle—oriented perpendicular to the retina and pointing toward the pupil of the eye. The... click to read more

  • John M. Ball | Staff Scientist at Retinal Neurophysiology Section, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
  • Wei Li | Senior Investigator at Retinal Neurophysiology Section, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
Views 514
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2022
Heart Disease And Brain Blood Flow Regulation: Prelude To Dementia

The brain regulates changes in its own blood flow depending on how active its cells (neurons) are, by a mechanism called neurovascular coupling. When neurons become active, they send messages to nearby blood vessels causing them to dilate and bring in more blood. This increased... click to read more

  • Osman Shabir | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Views 1070
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 25, 2022
Solving the puzzle behind COVID-19 induced smell loss

Smell is one of the fundamental senses in life: responsible for the recognition of environmental hazards, such as gas leaks, smoke inhalation, and spoiled foods, and yet also essential to our ability to enjoy meals beyond simple nourishment, appreciate the scents that define our environment,... click to read more

  • Marianna Zazhytska | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind, and Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, USA
  • Jonathan B. Overdevest | Assistant Professor at Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind, and Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, USA
Views 728
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 18, 2022
Why Women Are Predisposed to Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a brain disorder that progressively damages memory and thinking capabilities, eventually leading to losing the ability to communicate and carry out the daily activities. The prevalence of AD is significantly higher in women compared to men; more than two thirds of... click to read more

  • Keqiang Ye | Professor at Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology (SIAT), Chinese Academy of Science, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Views 1410
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 17, 2022
Thinking about thoughts: how the brain evaluates confidence

Do you want to marry your partner? Do you want to quit your job? And perhaps more importantly, how sure are you about it? Even for “yes or no” questions, our decisions cannot be reduced to black or white. Decisions always come with a sense... click to read more

  • Alexander Unruh-Pinheiro | PhD Student at Epileptology Department, University of Bonn Medical Center, Bonn, Germany
  • Florian Mormann | Professor at Epileptology Department, University of Bonn Medical Center, Bonn, Germany
Views 2399
Reading time 4 min
published on Mar 11, 2022