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Neurobiology

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Why extreme lack of sleep can kill you

Most of us are familiar with the unpleasant changes to our mood, and our ability to think, even after a single sleepless night. An alarming fact is that up to 50% of adults worldwide are estimated to regularly skimp on sleep. Sleep ensures proper brain function,... click to read more

  • Yosef Kaplan Dor | Research Fellow at Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Alexandra Vaccaro | Research Associate at Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Dragana Rogulja | Principal Investigator at Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Views 290
Reading time 3 min
published on Nov 30, 2020
The role of maternal malnutrition on Zika virus congenital effects

During pregnancy, a variety of complex processes are orchestrated to develop healthy tissues and organs of the developing fetus. Although there are buffering mechanisms that prevent development from being disturbed, some factors could lead to malformations. These factors are known as teratogens. Some pathogens causing... click to read more

  • Jimena Barbeito-Andrés | Assistant Researcher at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina
  • Patricia Pestana Garcez | Principal Investigator at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Views 911
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 27, 2020
Where mind meets body: a master brain circuit for stress responses

When feeling stressed or nervous, you notice the pounding heart, pale face, and dry mouth – fundamental autonomic responses to psychological stress.  Stress responses are conserved in many mammalian species and thought to be beneficial for wild animals, such as when they encounter their enemies. ... click to read more

  • Naoya Kataoka | Assistant Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
  • Kazuhiro Nakamura | Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
Views 1026
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2020
Help or harm? How immune cells of the brain balance the immune response

Macrophages are found in essentially all tissues. Kupffer cells are in the liver, alveolar macrophages are in the lungs, monocytes are in bone marrow and blood, and microglia are in the brain and spinal cord - and the list goes on. The brain and spinal cord,... click to read more

  • Nathan J. Michaels | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Jason R. Plemel | Assistant Professor at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Views 1296
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 7, 2020
Stop all the clocks: the hidden long-term consequences of sleep loss

The function of sleep is still elusive despite the well-known effects of sleep loss or poor-quality sleep on cognitive function and long-term health. When and how long animals (including humans) sleep is determined by, on the one hand, their internal circadian clock, which aligns physiology... click to read more

  • Charlotte N. Hor | Postdoctoral Researc Fellow at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Paul Franken | Professor at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Views 1037
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 22, 2020