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mitochondria

number of breaks: 6

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Mitochondria as microlenses in the eye – the evolution of an improved camera sensor

The back of the eye is lined with a layer of specialized light-sensitive neurons in the retina, arranged in a mosaic, called photoreceptors. Each photoreceptor has a tapered elongated shape—like a bottle—oriented perpendicular to the retina and pointing toward the pupil of the eye. The... click to read more

  • John M. Ball | Staff Scientist at Retinal Neurophysiology Section, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
  • Wei Li | Senior Investigator at Retinal Neurophysiology Section, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health
Views 488
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2022
More than meets the eye: the histones revealed as enzymes

If you traveled back in time to approximately two billion years ago, you would see an Earth completely devoid of animals and plants. Yet, at microscopic levels, life is on the brink of one of the greatest and unique developments in history. Two single celled... click to read more

  • Oscar A. Campos | Postdoctoral scholar at Department of Biological Chemistry at the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Siavash K. Kurdistani | Professor at Department of Biological Chemistry at the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles
Views 2633
Reading time 3 min
published on Jan 12, 2021
Powering up the emergency response to infections

Salmonella is a bacterial infection and one of the most common causes of food poisoning worldwide. Symptoms can include diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever. The majority of people recover within a few days without treatment, however, people who have a weakened immune system including... click to read more

  • Jayna J. Mistry | PhD student at Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK; Earlham Institute, Norwich, UK
  • Kristian M. Bowles | Professor at Department of Haematology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals, National Health Service (NHS) Norwich, UK and Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • Stuart A. Rushworth | Group leader at Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Views 3659
Reading time 3 min
published on Jun 4, 2020
The mystery of mistletoe mitochondria

Mistletoe is an evergreen parasitic plant that lives on trees and steals water and nutrients from them. It features in European folklore as a symbol for fertility and vitality, is a well-known addition to Christmas and is also known to comic fans as the main... click to read more

  • Andrew Maclean | Postdoctoral Research Assistant at Wellcome Centre For Molecular Parasitology, Institute of Infection & Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
  • Janneke Balk | Project Leader at Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK
  • Etienne Meyer | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam-Golm, Germany
Views 4693
Reading time 4 min
published on Dec 21, 2018
Exercise helps restore aged muscles

Much like parts on an older car become rusted and need to be replaced, muscle cells can accumulate damage which may contribute to declines in function with age. But instead of going to a mechanic, a trip to the gym may stimulate the replacement of... click to read more

  • Matthew Robinson | Assistant Professor at School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis OR 97331, USA
  • Sreekumaran Nair | Professor at Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
Views 8872
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Apr 20, 2018