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Non-cuttable material inspired by seashells

Nature is dynamic and complex. Therefore, creatures generate the most efficiently functioning biological materials. For example, abalone sea creatures have shells that resist attacks by predators to crack them open. Shells combine hard calcium carbonate crystals interleaved with softer layers of viscoelastic proteins. The interlinking... click to read more

  • Stefan Szyniszewski | Assistant Professor at Department of Engineering, Durham University, Durham, UK
  • Miranda Anderson | Research Fellow at Philosophy and Literature, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland
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Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 21, 2021