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microbiota

number of breaks: 14

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Gut bacteria drive yo-yo dieting

The American reality show "The Biggest Loser" features obese contestants that are competing for the strongest weight loss within the duration of one season of the TV series, which is rewarded with a cash prize. A wide audience has followed the show, and its concept... click to read more

  • Eran Elinav | Professor at Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Views 1133
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 3, 2018
Absent microbial teachers and immunological hooliganism

The trillions of microbes that live in our gastrointestinal tract are known as the gut microbiome. It is an "acquired organ" of the body that is essential for the development of immune and metabolic systems and for nutrient digestion and absorption, among other things. As... click to read more

  • Jun Miyoshi | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery (KCBD), The University of Chicago, Chicago, USA
  • Eugene Chang | Professor at Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery (KCBD), The University of Chicago, Chicago, USA
Views 1062
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 26, 2018
Killing C. difficile with targeted strikes

Clostridium difficile is a bacterium that causes hundreds of thousands of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea cases every year, and these infections often prove fatal. Usually, C. difficile is unable to cause disease as the bacterium is kept in check by the friendly bacteria in the gut; the... click to read more

  • Joseph Kirk | Postdoctoral Research fellow at The Krebs Institute, MBB, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Views 1933
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 24, 2018
Studies of the bugs within: telling sickness from cure

Each of us carries intestinal gardens, where microbes process food for our own consumption. We evolved to benefit from this, but as our guests are selfish single-cell creatures, tense diplomacy was always needed. Since these bacterial communities in our gut play surprisingly large roles in... click to read more

  • Sofia K. Forslund | Junior Group Leader at Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine & European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Berlin, Germany
  • Oluf Pedersen | Professor at Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Views 1651
Reading time 4 min
published on Mar 20, 2018
The daily life of Neandertals

Neandertals are our closest evolutionary relative. They have been extinct for approximately 40,000 years, but lived across Europe and West Asia where they co-existed and interbred with humans. Despite their remarkable physical and genetic similarity to us humans, our understanding of their lifestyle is limited.... click to read more

  • Andrew Farrer | PhD student at Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD), School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005 Australia
Views 1573
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 19, 2017