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genetics

number of breaks: 21

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How mixed-breed dogs resolve the “horoscopes” surrounding dog breeds

Very little in genetics is determinate—least of all, behavior. Behaviors are dynamic processes by which animals respond to their environment to survive, and evolution can shape genes affecting behavior over generations. Genetic selection may be even more dramatic in domestic animals due to human influence... click to read more

  • Kathleen Morrill | PhD student at University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School
Views 1933
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Aug 28, 2023
The human reference genome is finally complete

In 2001, the Human Genome Project produced the first-ever sequence of the human genetic code, known as the human reference genome. Researchers like us rely on the reference genome to identify genetic differences between individuals, or genetic variants. Identifying these variants can help us determine... click to read more

Views 1193
Reading time 4 min
published on Jul 26, 2023
Genetics agrees: Africa is thriving in diversity

Since the Human Genome Project published the first sequence of the human DNA code in 2001, the field of human genetics has dramatically expanded. New studies have identified specific changes in the DNA code (or genetic variants) that are linked to why some people are... click to read more

  • Neil Hanchard | Associate Professor at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
  • Ananyo Choudhury | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Zane Lombard | Senior Scientist at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Views 3429
Reading time 3 min
published on Apr 27, 2022
Equalizing strength among sexes: generalized intersexuality in female moles

Female moles develop as intersexual individuals, a rather exceptional feature among mammals. But why did evolution shape the female mole body into an intersex one? Most likely, this is related to the rough environmental conditions where moles live. Moles spend their entire lives digging tunnels, fighting... click to read more

  • Francisca M. Real | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at RG Development & Disease, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics; Institute for Medical and Human Genetics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • Stefan Mundlos | Professor at RG Development & Disease, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics; Institute for Medical and Human Genetics, Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • Darío G. Lupiáñez | Research Group Leader at Max‐Delbrück‐Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC), Berlin Institute for Medical Systems Biology (BIMSB), Berlin, Germany
Views 5532
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 4, 2021
Extending the genomic record of human diversity

The genetic material of any two humans is 99.9% identical, but the small differences that do exist between our genomes provide a record of the complex evolutionary history we have undergone as a species. Over the past decade, scientists have sequenced a large number of... click to read more

  • Anders Bergström | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Wellcome Sanger Institute, Cambridge, UK; The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
Views 3152
Reading time 4 min
published on Mar 25, 2021