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Content: Volume 6, Issue 4

showing 41-45 of 48 breaks

Be prepared: How do baby plants protect themselves before escaping the seed?

Most terrestrial ecosystems are currently dominated by seed plants, a large family encompassing conifers, deciduous trees, grasses and many others. One explanation for their incredible success comes from the structure that nourishes and protects the embryo during its early development - the seed. Inside the... click to read more

  • N.M. Doll | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Laboratoire Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, University of Lyon, ENS de Lyon, UCB Lyon 1, CNRS, INRAE, F-69342, Lyon, France
  • Gwyneth C. Ingram | Professor at Laboratoire Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, University of Lyon, ENS de Lyon, UCB Lyon 1, CNRS, INRAE, F-69342, Lyon, France.
Views 3408
Reading time 2.5 min
published on Oct 20, 2020
Making non-magnetic photons feel a taste for magnetism

Light consists of chargeless particles called photons. While electrons, being charged, get deflected into curved paths when placed in a magnetic field, the chargeless photons do not feel a real magnetic field the same way. Devising an “artificial” or “fictitious” magnetic field for photons would... click to read more

  • Avik Dutt | Postdoctoral Scholar at Ginzton Laboratory and Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
  • Shanhui Fan | Professor at Ginzton Laboratory and Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
Views 3733
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 19, 2020
The solid which conducts heat best

Controlling the flow of heat has been one of the earliest technological tasks conceived by humans. Think of putting on clothes and building houses, which emerged well before written communication. However, it was only in the late nineteenth century that the nature of heat was... click to read more

  • Yo Machida | Associate Professor at Department of Physics, Gakushuin University, Tokyo, Japan
  • Kamran Behnia | Senior Researcher at École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la Ville de Paris (ESPCI), Paris, France
Views 5983
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 15, 2020
Tumor infiltrating immune cells predict patient outcomes

There has been much investigation into the role of the body's immune system in fighting or promoting the development of cancer, and in recent years, one particular type of immune cell, the CD8 T cell, has been shown to be important for fighting cancer in... click to read more

  • Caroline S. Jansen | MD/PhD Student at Department of Urology, School of Medicine; Winship Cancer Institute; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine; Emory Vaccine Centre, School of Medicine; Emory University , Atlanta, GA, USA
  • Haydn T. Kissick | Assistant Professor at Department of Urology, School of Medicine; Winship Cancer Institute; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine; Emory Vaccine Centre, School of Medicine; Emory University , Atlanta, GA, USA
Views 2913
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 14, 2020
Help or harm? How immune cells of the brain balance the immune response

Macrophages are found in essentially all tissues. Kupffer cells are in the liver, alveolar macrophages are in the lungs, monocytes are in bone marrow and blood, and microglia are in the brain and spinal cord - and the list goes on. The brain and spinal cord,... click to read more

  • Nathan J. Michaels | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Jason R. Plemel | Assistant Professor at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Views 3671
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 7, 2020