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Content: Volume 6, Issue 4

showing 36-40 of 48 breaks

The role of maternal malnutrition on Zika virus congenital effects

During pregnancy, a variety of complex processes are orchestrated to develop healthy tissues and organs of the developing fetus. Although there are buffering mechanisms that prevent development from being disturbed, some factors could lead to malformations. These factors are known as teratogens. Some pathogens causing... click to read more

  • Jimena Barbeito-Andrés | Assistant Researcher at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina
  • Patricia Pestana Garcez | Principal Investigator at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Views 3819
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 27, 2020
Distinctive stone tools reveal Siberian Neanderthals originated in eastern Europe

Fossils of Neanderthals were first discovered in western Europe in the mid-nineteenth century. Since then, the behaviours and activities of our closest evolutionary cousins, the regions of the world that they inhabited, and their evolutionary history have been the subject of much scientific enquiry and... click to read more

  • Kseniya Kolobova | Research scientist at Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • Maciej Krajcarz | Associate Professor at Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Richard "Bert" Roberts | Professor at Centre for Archaeological Science, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of Wollongong, Australia
Views 6218
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 26, 2020
Repurposing of retroviral genes: when foe becomes self

The genomes of all organisms are constantly under attack from a variety of sources, including the everyday effects of solar and ionising radiation together with chemical and oxidative insults. However, there are also more specific threats to our genomes like those that posed through invasion... click to read more

  • Ian A. Taylor | Senior Group Leader at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
  • Jonathan P. Stoye | Senior Group Leader at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
Views 3758
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 23, 2020
How to know slow slip events and anticipate future large earthquakes

The technology of positioning ourselves with satellites, called GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) positioning, is now inseparable from our lives. If we apply high-precision analysis technology for GNSS positioning, we can see the plate tectonics at a cm/year-order speed. When this high-precision observation is performed... click to read more

  • Yusuke Yokota | Lecturer at Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Views 3330
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 22, 2020
Where mind meets body: a master brain circuit for stress responses

When feeling stressed or nervous, you notice the pounding heart, pale face, and dry mouth – fundamental autonomic responses to psychological stress.  Stress responses are conserved in many mammalian species and thought to be beneficial for wild animals, such as when they encounter their enemies. ... click to read more

  • Naoya Kataoka | Assistant Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
  • Kazuhiro Nakamura | Professor at Department of Integrative Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
Views 4523
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2020