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Content: Volume 5, Issue 2

showing 1-5 of 23 breaks

Women’s birth canals are extremely variable in shape

If you open a book on human anatomy or human evolution, you will read that women have a hard time giving birth. This happens because the pelvis, the basin-like bone structure that supports our internal organs and connects to the spine and the legs, has... click to read more

  • Lia Betti | Senior Lecturer at Centre for Research in Evolutionary, Social and Inter-Disciplinary Anthropology, Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, London, UK
  • Andrea Manica | Professor at Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, David Attenborough Building, The Old Schools, Trinity Ln, Cambridge CB2 1TN, UK
Views 550
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 28, 2019
How plants protect themselves from salt stress

We often think of genes as a static piece of information in DNA that determines different physical aspects of life. I have blue eyes because I have the gene(s) for blue eyes. However, while DNA is important in determining such features, it's the proteins encoded... click to read more

  • Steve Anderson | PhD student at Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • Brian D. Gregory | Professor at Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Views 507
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jun 26, 2019
Lighting a candle in the dark

More than two billion years ago, a group of microorganisms called cyanobacteria invented oxygenic photosynthesis, the process that turns light, carbon dioxide, and water into chemical energy and oxygen. Cyanobacteria are the plants of the microbial world - in fact, plants can perform photosynthesis because... click to read more

Views 692
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 24, 2019
An ancient affair: a Neandertal woman and a Denisovan man had a daughter

In prehistoric times, at least two groups of hominins (that is, the entity which includes humans and their closest relatives) inhabited Eurasia: Neandertals, who lived throughout Europe and the Near East, and Denisovans, who likely lived in Asia. Genetically, Neandertals and Denisovans were more different... click to read more

  • Viviane Slon | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Views 656
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 19, 2019
Improving the dietary value of tomatoes with purple plant pigments

Numerous countries have deployed public health campaigns to promote consumption of five or more serving of fruit and vegetables per day, aimed to improve health outcomes. However, recent data suggests these campaigns were not effective, as the mean daily consumption of fruit and vegetables was... click to read more

  • Jared B. Fudge | PhD student at Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 963
Reading time 3 min
published on Jun 17, 2019