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Infants distinguish between leaders and bullies

We all know well the difference between a bully and a leader. We can easily spot the difference between a power based on fear, coercion, and violence, and a power based on mutual respect. We may call the latter authority or leadership, and the former... click to read more

  • Francesco Margoni | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy
Views 2742
Reading time 4 min
published on Feb 1, 2019
The hidden emotions within our blood flow

Researchers generally agree that human emotions correspond to the execution of a number of computations by the central nervous system (CNS). Previous researchers (most famously Duchenne and Darwin) have assessed the hypothesis that some of these computations yield visible facial muscle actions. These facial muscle... click to read more

  • Aleix M. Martinez | Professor at Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, Ohio, USA
Views 3134
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 17, 2018
How babies learn what we want

When someone reaches on tiptoes for the cookie jar, ignoring the baby carrots on her plate, we see more than a literal act of reaching: We understand the beliefs, desires, and motivations that lead to the action in the first place. Research from developmental psychology... click to read more

  • Shari Liu | PhD student at Lab For Developmental Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
Views 4035
Reading time 3 min
published on Jun 12, 2018
Children Prefer the Real Thing to Pretending

Pretend-play is a favorite pastime for American children. They mentally transform the here and now, preparing pretend meals in toy kitchens, frolicking around on fake horses, and feeding baby dolls with plastic bottles. By age 4, children spend approximately 20% of their waking hours engaged... click to read more

  • Angeline Lillard | Professor at Early Development Lab, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Jessica Taggart | PhD student at Early Development Lab, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
Views 9302
Reading time 3 min
published on Mar 1, 2018
Short bursts of exercise improve brain function

We have known for a long time that sustained physical exercise, performed at moderate intensity, has a positive impact on the brain. Beyond brain health, exercise also improves cognitive abilities - people who exercise regularly have better memory, attention, or even intelligence, on average. A trend... click to read more

  • David Moreau | Research Associate at School of Psychology, Centre for Brain Research, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zeland
Views 6024
Reading time 3 min
published on Jan 18, 2018