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Health & Physiology

showing 6-10 of 96 breaks

How a protein modification navigates sperm to the egg

Mammalian fertilisation is a dynamic, spectacular event. Millions of sperm race toward the egg, and only one winner can eventually fuse with it and lead to a new life. A sperm is a special type of cell with a tail-like appendage (named flagellum) allowing it... click to read more

  • Sudarshan Gadadhar | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Institut Curie, Université Paris sciences et lettres, CNRS UMR3348, Orsay, France
  • Carsten Janke | Professor at Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS UMR3348, Orsay, France
Views 806
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jun 4, 2021
New treatment options for Zika virus infection

The recent outbreak of the Zika virus in South America in 2015-2016 had devasting consequences, involving at least 200,000 human infections. The Zika virus mostly spreads among people through bites from infected mosquitoes, but can also spread through sexual transmission. The number of infections are... click to read more

  • Rachel P. M. Abrams | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  • Avindra Nath | Senior Investigator at National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Views 486
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jun 2, 2021
The clock as a frenemy: the importance of the biological rhythms in cancer prognosis

Have you ever wondered why we wake up in the morning? Or why we get hungry at noon? Most physiological processes oscillate with a period close to 24 hours, called circadian rhythms. These rhythms are controlled by a central clock in our brain, which acts... click to read more

  • Ignacio Aiello | Assistant Professor at Laboratorio de Cronobiología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Natalia Paladino | Assistant Professor at Laboratorio de Cronobiología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Views 352
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jun 1, 2021
A Nobel Prize technique in the fight against cancer

Genome editing is the ability to modify an organism's genetic information, stored in the DNA. In order to alter the genome, scientists were inspired by a system found in nature called CRISPR/Cas9. It is a primitive immune system found in bacteria that allows them to... click to read more

  • Sofia Spataro | PhD Student at University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 677
Reading time 3 min
published on May 5, 2021
Tougher than expected: insulin’s surprising thermostability expands diabetes patients’ hope in tropical countries

Today, people increasingly eat fast food and adopt sedentary habits by sitting long in an office and taking less exercise. This "unhealthy" modern lifestyle has become a risk factor for common diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular disorders, and diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic pathological condition characterized... click to read more

  • Sara Pannilunghi | PhD Student at Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Western Switzerland, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 710
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Apr 26, 2021