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Health & Physiology

showing 6-10 of 74 breaks

Heart failure: unexpected role of stem cell treatments

Buzz words circulating around the medical profession and the media right now are "stem cell therapy". This treatment usually involves isolating adult cells from patients and injecting them to a specific place in a human body. There seems to be some promise in animal studies... click to read more

  • Emma J. Agnew | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
  • Ronald J. Vagnozzi | Research Instructor at Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
  • Jeffery D. Molkentin | Professor at Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Views 1029
Reading time 3 min
published on Oct 5, 2020
The Janus-Faced Nature of Cancer Immunity

Cancer, viruses, bacteria, and chemicals are threatening our bodies every day. The weapon our body uses to fight these threats is our immune system. When triggered by the presence of something it perceives as foreign (and therefore danger), our immune system will produce antibodies targeting... click to read more

  • Chih-Wei Lin | Staff Scientist at The Scripps research institute, San Diego, California, USA
  • Richard Lerner | Professor at The Scripps research institute, San Diego, California, USA
Views 988
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Sep 21, 2020
Our cell's “protein factory” can decrease fats to promote lifespan

Organisms face stress daily, and generally, these stressors have some form of negative effect on our physiology. For example, exposure to thermal stress (elevated heat) increases body temperatures, causes loss of cognitive function, and mood changes. Humans have adapted several different methods for dealing with... click to read more

  • Ryo Higuchi-Sanabria | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Molecular & Cellular Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Views 1159
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Sep 18, 2020
De-liver-ing blood and immune cells to the developing human

Some blood and immune disorders have origins during early human development. To treat these diseases effectively, we must understand what is occurring during normal development and how critical changes in cellular expansion could lead to disease. In adulthood, our blood and immune cells are made in... click to read more

  • Emily Stephenson | PhD student at Biosciences Institute, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  • Laura Jardine | Lecturer at Biosciences Institute, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Views 1014
Reading time 3 min
published on Aug 25, 2020
Vicious Circles – how changes in the shape of DNA can drive cancer

The diploid human genome contains 23 pairs of chromosomes whose DNA encodes genes for life activities, such as cell division. Cancer corrupts those genes, making growth-promoting genes more active (oncogenes) or growth-inhibiting genes (tumor suppressors) less active. One of the most common genetic alterations causing... click to read more

  • Sihan Wu | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
  • Paul S. Mischel | Professor at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
Views 1056
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Aug 17, 2020