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Evolution & Behaviour

showing 21-25 of 123 breaks

Distinctive stone tools reveal Siberian Neanderthals originated in eastern Europe

Fossils of Neanderthals were first discovered in western Europe in the mid-nineteenth century. Since then, the behaviours and activities of our closest evolutionary cousins, the regions of the world that they inhabited, and their evolutionary history have been the subject of much scientific enquiry and... click to read more

  • Kseniya Kolobova | Research scientist at Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • Maciej Krajcarz | Associate Professor at Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland
  • Richard "Bert" Roberts | Professor at Centre for Archaeological Science, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of Wollongong, Australia
Views 1366
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 26, 2020
Repurposing of retroviral genes: when foe becomes self

The genomes of all organisms are constantly under attack from a variety of sources, including the everyday effects of solar and ionising radiation together with chemical and oxidative insults. However, there are also more specific threats to our genomes like those that posed through invasion... click to read more

  • Ian A. Taylor | Senior Group Leader at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
  • Jonathan P. Stoye | Senior Group Leader at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
Views 1254
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 23, 2020
Why so aggressive? Bringing the past into the present

When engaged in a conflict with another, many animals will behave aggressively. We see it in dogs at the dog park, in fish in a fish tanks, in people with bullies at school, and even flies at a garbage bin. However, precisely what motivates an... click to read more

  • Julia Kilgour | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
Views 1630
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Sep 23, 2020
Our ancestors in Africa ate roasted root vegetables 170 thousand years ago

Almost everyone enjoys roasted root vegetables, and our ancestors were no exception. An archaeological team excavated the remains of starchy rhizomes cooked 170,000 years ago in the Border Cave, South Africa. In total, 55 whole charred rhizomes were recovered from the same species - Hypoxis... click to read more

  • Lyn Wadley | Honorary Professor at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Christine Sievers | Senior Lecturer at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Views 1679
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Sep 15, 2020
Scrambled frog eggs return to life

When you make scrambled eggs for breakfast, you are probably not expecting any signs of life in the resulting mush, let alone development into chicken embryos. Indeed, it seems common sense that living things are organized structures, and once these structures are jumbled up, life... click to read more

  • Xianrui Cheng | Research Scientist at Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
  • James E. Ferrell, Jr. | Professor at Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
Views 1815
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Aug 31, 2020